GiveDirectly criticism

The GiveDirectly team is really impressive, and we like approaches to development that give poor people the power of choice. We also like the cheekiness of simply handing out cash, and it was fun to hear the GiveDirectly crew talking about their work on NPR's This American Life (equally fun to hear Heifer International pinned to wall for its lack of—almost contempt for—impact data on the same show) GiveDirectly spricht vom bislang größten Experiment mit einem bedingungslosen Grundeinkommen - und weckt damit auch in vielen Industrienationen Interesse, wo dieser Begriff in den vergangenen.

Critics of the idea behind GiveDirectly argue that efficiency is not everything. In India, a push to replace government subsidies with direct cash transfers has met with public resistance and. My overall impression of GiveDirectly is that the evidence behind it is considerably more limited than either AMF or SCI. One salient instance of this is that, as far as I can tell, GiveWell rely on self-reported data in their assessment of where received cash is spent (where they suggest that 67% is spent on home improvement), in precisely a context where we would expect self-reporting to be misleading. Another is that, though there is extensive economic analysis of cash.

Indeed, there are many reasonable views based on which giving to GiveDirectly could be the best option. Perhaps you do not want to be paternalistic towards the poor, even if being paternalistic would do more to improve their wellbeing in the long run. Or perhaps the reason you give is because you think you should redistribute your wealth as a matter of justice, and it's not your right to say how that money is spent. In either case, it's very useful to know that one has a good. GiveDirectly stems from economist Paul Niehaus's research in India, where to limit corruption the government makes direct cash transfers via mobile phones. A typical poor person is poor not because he is irresponsible, but because he was born in Africa, says Niehaus, adding that GiveDirectly's transfers have had positive impacts on nutrition, education, land, and livestock — and. GiveDirectly is featured as a top-rated charity by GiveWell, which recommends charities to donors based on rigorous evidence and cost-effectiveness. Since 2013, GiveDirectly has enrolled over 125,000 households in cash transfer programs, reaching over half a million people when accounting for average household size. On a larger scale, the organization has also influenced a global conversation about how to best give charitably. Many facets of its standard operations are part of at least one. GiveDirectly is a charity that does exactly what its name implies: It gives poor people money directly, no strings attached. It primarily targets the poorest populations in the world, where money.

GiveDirectly ist eine Wohltätigkeitsorganisation in New York City, die ein elektronisches Bezahlsystem nutzt, um Armut durch direkte Geldtransferleistungen an bedürftige Menschen zu bekämpfen. Seitdem finanziert sie sich durch z. T. namhafte Spender. Im Rahmen der Diskussion um ein bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen hat GiveDirectly eine großangelegte Feldstudie angekündigt, die internationale Aufmerksamkeit erhielt. Die Organisation wurde 2009 von Studenten ins Leben gerufen, um. GiveDirectly is the leading global NGO specialized in delivering digital cash transfers. We've worked in challenging contexts across 8 countries, from Houston after Harvey to the most remote parts of Uganda, and launched 13 experimental evaluations (RCTs) with independent researchers documenting the impacts on recipients and on the local economy GiveDirectly has a straightforward approach to helping the world's poorest people: just give them cash, no strings attache

In this paper, I argue that the work of the organization GiveDirectly offers an approach that can overcome the criticisms leveled against philanthropy. GiveDirectly works by providing direct cash transfers to the poor; by adopting such a straightforward method, GiveDirectly provides practical benefits to the poor, and overcomes key philosophical critiques. The poor are empowered to make. Since many GiveDirectly grant recipients use some or all of the money to invest in small enterprises, many of GiveDirectly's grants are sustainable. Indeed, one study of unconditional cash transfers in Mexico found that household incomes increased by between 1.5 and 2.6 times the amount of the transfers due to the returns from increased investment (Sadoulet, Elisabeth and Alain de Janvry, and Benjamin Davis. Cash Transfer Programs with Income Multipliers: PROCAMPO in Mexico.

GiveDirectly? Not So Fast

In 2017 GiveDirectly received $5 million in Bitcoin from the Pineapple Fund. Reception GiveWell reviews. GiveDirectly has been named a GiveWell 'top rated' charity for each of the last eight years: 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019. Reception by development economist A common criticism of cash transfers is that the money will be used to purchase temptation goods like alcohol and tobacco, said Niehaus. GiveDirectly's preliminary findings show that spending on these items typically decreases or stays constant. GiveDirectly's results are consistent with the academic literature on the impact of unconditional cash transfers. Studies of UTC's in South. She offered a critique of GiveDirectly's staff (The first time they came, they never gave many details), and marveled that her family had moved to the village just prior to the launch of GiveDirectly's program. We were so lucky to have arrived the same year that the funds came, she said. We could have just watched from a distance as iron roofs littered the village. It was. GiveDirectly, Inc. is an international NGO that makes unconditional cash transfers (UCT) to poor households in developing countries. Since 2011, the organization has operated in Kenya by providing UCTs to households in the country's poorest regions through M-Pesa, a mobile phone-based money transfer service that is widely used throughout the country. This study took place in Rarieda, a predominantly rural and poor district in western Kenya

In Kenya, M-PESA agents could be overcharging or stealing some of recipients' funds.93 GiveDirectly recognizes that this is a common criticism from recipients who call into GiveDirectly's hotline, but believes it is likely that many recipients with this complaint are not fully aware of how to use their mobile money accounts.94 Results from GiveDirectly's follow-up surveys indicate that this problem is fairly rare.9 GiveDirectly überweist das Geld sowohl an Männer wie Frauen. Eine Studie zeigte, dass es kaum einen Unterschied machte, wer das Geld erhielt; beide Geschlechter gehen verantwortungsvoll mit dem Geld um. GiveDirectly lässt die Haushalte daher selbst entscheiden, welcher Erwachsene sich für das Programm einschreibt. Bisher sind etwas mehr als die Hälfte der Empfänger Frauen Our choice to name GiveDirectly as our #2 charity has drawn some surprise and criticism. GiveDirectly seeks to deliver 90c directly into the hands of the very poor (no strings attached) for every $1 of total organizational expenses. There are many people who consider this intervention unproven (since there is not research linking cash transfers directly to the sort of health impacts associated with other top charities' programs) and even dangerous (with the idea being that. GiveDirectly has been a GiveWell top charity in the years 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015. Largely as a result of GiveWell's recommendation, Good Ventures , the private foundation of Facebook co-founder Dustin Moskovitz and his wife Cari Tuna, that works closely with GiveWell, has donated well over $40 million to GiveDirectly (in grant sizes of $7 million, $5 million, $25 million, and $9.8 million) 21 GiveDirectly reviews. A free inside look at company reviews and salaries posted anonymously by employees

GiveDirectly, on the other hand, takes money from donors and just gives it to poor people. (For more on how GiveDirectly works, see our story from this morning.) This is something of a challenge. See what employees say it's like to work at GiveDirectly. Salaries, reviews, and more - all posted by employees working at GiveDirectly

Kenia: GiveDirectly - Grundeinkommen als Entwicklungshilfe

She offered a critique of GiveDirectly's staff (The first time they came, they never gave many details), and marveled that her family had moved to the village just prior to the launch of GiveDirectly's program. We were so lucky to have arrived the same year that the funds came, she said. We could have just watched from a distance as iron roofs littered the village. It was. 16 GiveDirectly reviews. A free inside look at company reviews and salaries posted anonymously by employees

Giving And Relieving: How GiveDirectly Cuts Out The Middlema

  1. g and underestimates the evidence base for cash transfers. In our view, GiveDirectly has - all things considered - the most strongly evidence.
  2. Team is everything Idea work environment Amazing organisation culture Always going above and beyond for the recipients Professionalism Opportunities for career growth.
  3. To me, this suggests that GiveDirectly could do more good by splitting up its grants into smaller amounts - say, $250 per family - and distributing them more widely. Distributing smaller grants to a larger number of families could also help to mitigate feelings of envy, disappointment, and perceived unfairness in families that are not selected to receive the grants. Despite this criticism.
  4. g the international development sector by creating a standard of comparison for other programs, potentially raising overall standards.
  5. GiveDirectly, it's supporters and critics will know more about the impact of the project later in 2013 from a third party group studying its operations in Kenya. One of the GiveDirectly founders, Michael Faye, expressed that the main idea is to give the poor what they need most, saying that he, and really many outside donors, haven't a clue to what the poor really do need. Giving money.

SUMMARY The beauty of GiveDirectly is that while it is unlikely to be the very best use of funds on the margin, it probably has the most robust case of any intervention that is plausibly close to being the very best. It seems to me that GiveDirectly is immune to the knee-jerk criticisms of EA (besides 'charity starts at home', but even then there are some domestic cash transfer options. II. THE INSTITUTIONAL CRITIQUE. In response to effective altruists, at least most of whom endorse the view that individuals have strong reasons to donate significant amounts of money to the Against Malaria Foundation, GiveDirectly, and a small number of other highly effective organizations, a number of critics have argued that the focus of their efforts to address the plight of the global poor.

GiveWell's Recommendation of GiveDirectly - the Giving

  1. My criticism notwithstanding, I do think the Effective Altruism Handbook is worth the read for anyone new to the movement and the concept of effective altruism. For in spite of its almost exclusively anthropocentric focus, it does manage to convey some important ideas, as well as to show why the social movement it represents is extremely important and full of potential
  2. Many critics of UBI programs claim that unconditional cash transfers will inevitably lead to an increase in the purchase of temptation goods, namely alcohol and tobacco. The GiveDirectly pilot program found that this is not the case, as recipients generally did not change their spending behaviour for temptation goods. Instead, the greatest changes in spending behaviour were for food.
  3. GiveDirectly households increased investments by US$301.51 (61 percent), in assets such as livestock, furniture, and metal roofs. GiveDirectly households were 24 percentage points more likely to have a non-thatched roof after the program, compared to 16 percent of households in the comparison group. Monthly-transfer recipients were less likely than lump-sum recipients to invest in these types.

Some General Concerns About GiveWell - the Giving What We

Should We All Just Give Cash Directly to the Poor

  1. GiveDirectly's study will provide cash to more than 17,000 impoverished residents. Getty Images. Then there's the common criticism that welfare programs tend to receive: They discourage people.
  2. In the GiveDirectly study, it appears to refer to one standard deviation in the distribution of happiness of the people in Western Kenya villages. It's not clear what population's standard deviation is being used in Wolfers' .35 estimate - perhaps the world's entire current adult population? One world's standard deviation is presumably larger than one Western Kenya's standard deviation.
  3. GiveDirectly, founded by MIT and Harvard graduate students in 2008, capitalized on the nascent movement. By August 2013, it had raised $6 million. Charity rater GiveWell estimates that.
  4. GiveDirectly. Is this your company? Company Overview FAQ. Overview Overview. 17 Reviews--Jobs. 13 Salaries. 9 Inter­views. 15 Benefits. 1 Photos. Add a Review.
  5. GiveDirectly. Is this your company? Company Overview FAQ. Overview Overview. 17 Reviews--Jobs. 13 Salaries.
  6. The money will be converted into bitcoin and donated to the nonprofit GiveDirectly's Africa Response but has been subject to criticism. Artist Krista Kim recently selling a digital house for.

GiveDirectly, the brainchild of four Harvard and MIT graduate students, is so simple, it's genius. Give poor Kenyan families $1,000 -- and let them do whatever they want with it Many critics of UBI programs claim that unconditional cash transfers will inevitably lead to an increase in the purchase of temptation goods, namely alcohol and tobacco. The GiveDirectly pilot program found that this is not the case, as recipients generally did not change their spending behaviour for temptation goods GiveDirectly policy with Recipients first is well structured and implemented Perhaps the most popular criticism of basic income is its apparent cost. The money needed to give an entire population enough to live off of has to come from somewhere. What could make such a system affordable - potentially even revenue neutral - is a withdrawal rate in the case of Negative Income Tax (or clawing back money through taxation in the case of a UBI). As people earn more, the.

Giving directly to support poor households The Abdul

Follow to be notified of this recipient 's updates with GiveDirectly. You will get email notifications when this recipient moves to the next stage of the process GiveDirectly may be a charity, but it speaks in the argot of Silicon Valley. It is a platform, connecting donors and recipients, that prides itself on low overhead and superior analytics. It.

Google's unusual plan for disaster relief: just give

GiveDirectly recipient Gabriel works in his furniture workshop in Koga village, Kenya on October 22, 2014. Gabriel built a house and chicken coop with the cash Lome, Togo Contrat de 6 mois. Contexte GiveDirectly (GD) a pour but de révolutionner les dons internationaux - et des millions de vies - en fournissant des subventions en espèces directement aux plus pauvres du monde. L'Institution de Brookings estime que 70 milliards de dollars de transferts en espèces seraient nécessaires pour éradiquer la pauvreté; le secteur de l'aide humanitaire. GiveDirectly a aussi été l'un des organismes de bienfaisance les mieux côtés de GiveWell pendant sept ans de suite. Responsabilite Gestion des talents. Aider à la sélection des candidats, y compris la révision des CV et la coordination avec les candidats pour les interviews; Aider à l'intégration des nouveaux employés, y compris une orientation sur le manuel des ressources humaines. defined by mounting criticism over the international food aid system, particularly in terms of transoceanic shipments and local monetization of commodities (Barrett and Maxwell 2006, 2005; Clay 2006; OECD 2005). Since the mid-2000s, the growing application of technology to the delivery has further propelled interest in cash as an efficient way of providing assistance (Vincent and Cull 2011. Posted in GiveWell Highlights, GiveWell's Philosophy, High-performance vs. High-impact charity, Responding to criticism | Permalink | 3 Comments Qualitative evidence vs. stories April 24, 2009 (updated on: August 17, 2011 ) | by Holde

If you offer good criticism or suggestions, you have the potential to influence other people to adopt whatever approach you think is more For instance, in 2018, GiveDirectly transferred more than $30 million to the poorest people in the world, and they could transfer far more money if they received more donations. Donating to charities with a large funding gap is less likely to displace. This post summarizes some of my conclusions on things that can make EA outreach to progressives hard, as well as some tentative recommendations on techniques for making such outreach easier. To be clear, this post does not argue or assume that outreach to progressives is harder than outreach to other political ideologies.[1] Rather, the point of this post is to highlight identifiable. Bitcoin evangelist Jack Dorsey will donate proceeds from his ongoing NFT auction to a charity called GiveDirectly, according to a new tweet.. Last week, the Twitter CEO capitalized on fast-growing NFT hype by tokenizing the first-ever Twitter post (just setting up my twttr) through a designated tweet-to-NFT marketplace. At the moment, someone is willing to pay $2.5 million for it

See what employees say it's like to work at GiveDirectly. Salaries, reviews, and more - all posted by employees working at GiveDirectly. Here For You During COVID-19 NEW! Jobs. Jobs; Jobs Tips; How to Get a Job; 11 Recession-Proof Jobs; The Perfect Resume Looks Like This; How to Write A Cover Letter; 9 Attention-Grabbing Cover Letter Examples ; Quiz: What Job Best Fits Your Life? New On. Criticism that the wealthy have an inordinate amount of power through their philanthropy goes back to the the late 19th and early 20th centuries when people were criticizing (Andrew) Carnegie and (John) Rockefeller, said Bill Stanczykiewicz, director of The Fund Raising School at the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy at Indiana University. Detractors also said that the philanthropy of.

GiveDirectly - Wikipedi

GiveDirectly wants you to fund its basic income program, too. Image credits: GiveDirectly, screenshot. The Omidyar Foundation gave $493,000 to fund the program, and GiveDirectly has already raised. The Institutional Critique of Effective Altruism BRIAN BERKEY University of Pennsylvania In recent years, the effective altruism movement has generated much discussion about the ways in which we can most effectively improve the lives of the global poor, and pursue other morally important goals. One of the most common criticisms of the movement is that it has unjustifiably neglected issues. Posts Tagged GiveDirectly. Charity Begins At Home. Posted by vetsbeyondreason in Social Commentary on 19/06/2013 . But it does a lot more good outside the home. The trouble for me has always been how to decide which charities to support and which ones to ignore. There are so many stories of aid being wasted because of ineffective programs that don't address the needs of local people or. and cultural critique of film, engaging the virtual body as an integral component of capitalism at the U.S. border. We hope you enjoy these pieces and appreciate the difficult questions that they pose. We offer our deepest gratitude to these authors and to the Anthropology Department for all the collaboration that went into this issue. Perhaps some of you will pursue these and other questions. GiveDirectly veut changer cela, en faisant des transferts en espèces un modèle de référence pour l'aide étrangère - comme le fonds indiciel est un modèle de référence pour le secteur financier - et en accélérant ainsi la fin de l'extrême pauvreté. Depuis son lancement en 2011, GD a collecté plus de 200 millions de dollars, distribué des fonds à plus de 125 000 familles et a.

GiveDirectly: Send money to people living in povert

Small, government-sponsored experiments like Finland's and donor-funded projects like GiveDirectly's do not address this issue, critics say. There have been no true experiments that. It's possible that the organizers of GiveDirectly got the idea for their name from GiveWell. If so, it's hard to blame GiveDirectly for borrowing the idea because their name so perfectly represents the ambition (if not quite the reality) of their organization: we allow you to give so directly to the world's poor that we eliminate the space between you and them. Updated February 9, 2014. The village is poor, even by the standards of rural Kenya. To get there, you follow a power line along a series of unmarked roads. Eventually, that power line connects to the school at the center of town, the sole building with electricity. Homesteads fan out into the hilly bramble, connected by rugged paths. There is just one working water tap, requiring many local women t

GiveDirectly - HuffPos

While GiveDirectly is fairly cautious about its success so far, the organization does claim that it has documented large, positive, and sustainable impacts across a wide range of outcomes including assets, earnings (from sources other than our transfers), food security, mental health, and domestic violence, after on average four months. It is now investigating the long-term macroeconomic. GiveDirectly admits that UBI is an experiment, but it already appears to be yielding positive results and impacting lives. Now I can eat well, Agrippa told me, a year into the program. I can do some singing. Before, eating was difficult, but now at least I can buy meat, rice. Before, I was just taking supper only. I can plan with the money. It doesn't give me much stress. Now I'm. In 2011, a new charity called GiveDirectly picked a random sample of a few hundred poor households in rural Kenya and gave them about four-hundred dollars in purchasing-power parity terms, no strings attached, transferred directly to their phones via Kenya's ubiquitous mobile payments system, M-Pesa. GiveDirectly became the darling of Silicon Valley philanthropy world, and journalists from. GiveDirectly chose 75 cents per day because it approximates the poverty level in Kenya, qualifying as basic aide. I know this all may sound a bit kooky and maybe too radical and hard to take. It.

Philanthropy, cosmopolitanism, and the benefits of giving

The Institutional Critique of Effective Altruism - Volume 30 Issue GiveDirectly chose 75 cents per day because it approximates the poverty level in Kenya, qualifying as basic aid. I know this all may sound a bit kooky and maybe too radical and hard to take. It. GiveDirectly, a U.S. nonprofit organization, is seeking to change the way aid is given to impoverished communities around the world. Where most nonprofit organizations seek to fight global poverty through advocacy programs, research studies, services and volunteers, GiveDirectly bypasses traditional nongovernmental organization structures to allow donors to see exactly where and who their.

FAQ GiveDirectl

GiveDirectly routinely conducts randomized control trials to assess the impact of their unconditional cash transfer programs. In spite of promising evidence, neither GiveDirectly nor the rest of the cash transfer movement has not gone without criticism. World Bank Economist Berk Ozler has criticized the widespread enthusiasm surrounding cash transfers as a clumsy attempt to usher in a. Wenar's criticism of this Singer framework is that (Wenar claims) it doesn't take into account the fact that our donations invariably come with a risk of harm to others, particularly those living in extreme poverty. He writes: Singer's principle does not capture the correct factual relationship between affluent and poor individuals. So. GiveDirectly has said it aims to provide a basic income to all full-time residents of the selected villages in Kenya, and that the payments would continue even if people left the villages

And GiveDirectly has set up a way to donate to those affected by the coronavirus in the United States as well as Africa. Cash is contactless, it reasons, and if people are going to donate locally. And while critics contend that basic income encourages people to form bad habits, people in GiveDirectly's village more often rebuild their roofs and pay for their kids' education than quit work. This is true, but given the evidence we do have (GiveDirectly's previous programs and previous basic income programs in developed countries) I see no reason to believe the effects will be anything but positive. azernik on May 7, 2016. I think more scary is the macroeconomic effects of a large amount of cash on currencies and prices. $30m is a relatively small amount (compared to a total GDP of.

No strings attached: How one nonprofit is helping the poor

And send to Givedirectly Africa Response, Dorsey said on March 9, 2021. The tokenized tweet sale also follows the recently heightened criticism aimed at permanence vulnerability issues when it. GiveDirectly, the acclaimed non-profit organization implementing the USAID funded cash transfer program for some 42,000 Liberian high school seniors who are taking the West African Senior Secondary Certificate Exams (WASSCE), has denied allegations that it corruption in administering the process. GiveDirectly is a nonprofit organization that helps families living in extreme poverty by making. Find out what it's really like working with GiveDirectly, how people rate them, their salaries, recent jobs, work environment and many more. Inappropriate language Advertisements or spam Personal information Criticism of other reviews Allegations of illegal activity Enter your email (optional) This will help us if we need further clarification or we need to get back to you on the report. The programme was implemented by GiveDirectly, Inc. between 2011 and 2013. Households received, on average, an unconditional cash transfer of $709 PPP. A detailed explanation of the design can be found in Haushofer and Shapiro (2016). Our sample consists of 349 treatment households, 349 spillover households, and 312 pure control households where women answered the IPV module at endline.

This Startup Gives Poor People A Year's Income, No Strings

GiveDirectly wants to show the world that a basic income is a cheap, scalable way to aid the poorest people on the planet. We have the resources to eliminate extreme poverty this year. The idea behind GiveDirectly is simple: donor money is transferred directly to some of the world's poorest people. Research has shown that such direct cash transfers are an extremely effective way to alleviate poverty. Now, GD is set to run a 12-year basic income experiment in Kenya that should provide the best long-term data yet on the effectiveness of what has become an increasingly. Paul Niehaus was getting a Ph.D. in developmental economics when he decided to give a portion of his income to a charitable cause. The mission: to give as much of the money as possible directly to.

GiveDirectly prides itself on the extensive research that backs their giving model. Independent controlled trials show that for every $1,000 donated, there is a $270 increase in earning and a $430 increase in assets. International Voluntourism. Volunteering abroad, also known as voluntourism, is rapidly growing in popularity. The idea is that people can see the world and experience other. The organization that we founded, GiveDirectly, has decided to try to permanently end extreme poverty across dozens of villages and thousands of people in Kenya by guaranteeing them an ongoing income high enough to meet their basic needs—a universal basic income, or basic income guarantee. We've spent much of the past decade delivering cash transfers to the extremely poor through. More sophisticated critics will raise questions about the affordability of a basic income, or ask whether it wouldn't be more efficient to simply provide all the capital upfront to the beneficiaries. But fundamentally, the question should be an empirical one: What are the impacts of a universal basic income? And how do they compare with other forms of assistance? GiveDirectly is planning to. GiveDirectly's past donors include Facebook cofounder Chris Hughes and Google's philanthropic arm, Google.org. Every single field is going to be touched by automation, and UBI to me represents a floor, Dorsey said in a May podcast conversation with former presidential candidate Andrew Yang, who ran with a keystone policy of UBI. A floor that people can stand on, and have the. A primary concern that critics voice is that direct transfers, whether in kind or in cash, dilute incentives to work and instill a sense of dependency in recipients. Some also worry cash might be spent on alcohol, tobacco or other potentially harmful activities. There are two problems with these criticisms. First, they are often based on prejudice rather than fact, and we should ask whether.

  • Wilhelmstadt Gymnasium Kosten.
  • Funktion Handelsregister.
  • Solis 26.
  • REHAU Rautool.
  • Übersetzung Rennrad Tabelle.
  • Mazda MX 5 NC1.
  • FRITZ!Box IP Client deaktivieren.
  • Tommy Lisbon.
  • Musikschule Trier Kosten.
  • Mortalität Schlaganfall Deutschland.
  • Letzte Zahl im Zahlensystem.
  • Medizinische Kompressionsstrümpfe Test.
  • Schauinsland Reisen norwegen.
  • Barbie Puppen kaufen.
  • Deutsch Vokabeln Haushalt.
  • Arten von Kommissionierfehler.
  • Harry Styles instagram story.
  • Hits 1971 Deutschland.
  • Mit 25 Boxen anfangen.
  • Motorrad in Österreich kaufen.
  • MAX basic thermostat Anleitung.
  • Vegetarier Kollagen Mangel.
  • Diakonie staatlich oder privat.
  • Plesk Firewall konfigurieren.
  • Essensraum Duden.
  • Löslichkeitsprodukt Konzentration berechnen.
  • Sekten in Bayern.
  • Siku katalog 1980.
  • Walther OSK 2 legal.
  • Besuchszeiten uniklinik Jena.
  • Kostüm warndreieck.
  • Reiteralm bergfex.
  • Littmann Cardiology 4 Black Edition.
  • Meinen Antrag.
  • Dozent Bundeswehr.
  • Mover Wohnwagen nachrüsten.
  • Downhill Kärnten.
  • Catrice Adventskalender 2020 Schweiz.
  • Schwerter des Königs Die letzte Mission wiki.
  • Bulgarien BIP pro Kopf 2018.